Customer Satisfaction Metrics The 9 Most Important KPIs to Track in 2024

Customer Satisfaction Metrics: The 9 Most Important KPIs to Track in 2024

Customer satisfaction is the lifeblood of any successful business.

But with so many metrics to choose from, it's easy to get lost in a sea of data.

To truly understand how your customers feel about your products, services, and overall experience, you need to focus on the most important KPIs.

In this blog, we'll dive into the 9 essential customer satisfaction metrics you should be tracking in 2024, from the tried-and-true classics to the emerging game-changers.

Get ready to level up your customer satisfaction strategy and keep your finger on the pulse of your customers' needs.

The Top 4 Customer Satisfaction Metrics to Track in 2024


  • CSAT, NPS, CES, and Churn Rate are the top 4 customer satisfaction metrics

  • These metrics provide insights into customer satisfaction, loyalty, and pain points

  • Tracking these metrics helps businesses improve the customer experience and retain customers

Measuring customer satisfaction is crucial for businesses to understand how well they are meeting their customers' needs and expectations. In 2024, there are four key metrics that companies should focus on to gauge customer satisfaction and identify areas for improvement.

Customer Satisfaction Score CSAT calculation

1. Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT)

The Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT) is a straightforward metric that measures customer satisfaction with a specific product, service, or interaction. It is typically calculated by asking customers to rate their satisfaction on a scale, such as 1-5 or 1-10.

According to a study by the Harvard Business Review, a 5% increase in customer retention can increase profits by 25% to 95%. This highlights the importance of tracking and improving CSAT scores to maintain customer loyalty and boost profitability.

Benefits of Tracking CSAT

Tracking CSAT scores provides several benefits for businesses:

  1. Identifying strengths and weaknesses in the customer experience

  2. Benchmarking performance against competitors

  3. Measuring the impact of improvements on customer satisfaction

NPS calculation

2. Net Promoter Score (NPS)

The Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a metric that gauges customer loyalty and the likelihood of customers recommending a brand to others. It's determined by asking customers how likely they are to recommend the company on a scale of 0-10. Based on their responses, customers are categorized as promoters (9-10), passives (7-8), or detractors (0-6).

Fred Reichheld, the creator of NPS, states, "The only path to profitable growth may lie in a company's ability to get its loyal customers to become, in effect, its marketing department." This underscores the significance of NPS in measuring customer loyalty and word-of-mouth marketing.

Calculating NPS

To calculate NPS, subtract the percentage of detractors from the percentage of promoters:

NPS = % Promoters - % Detractors

A higher NPS indicates a more loyal customer base and a greater likelihood of positive word-of-mouth marketing.

CES customer effort score calculation

3. Customer Effort Score (CES)

The Customer Effort Score (CES) assesses the ease of customer interaction with a company. It is measured by asking customers to rate the effort required to accomplish a specific task or resolve an issue, typically on a scale of 1-5 or 1-7.

A study by the Corporate Executive Board found that 96% of customers who had high-effort experiences reported being disloyal, compared to only 9% of customers with low-effort experiences. This highlights the importance of reducing customer effort to improve satisfaction and loyalty.

Reducing Customer Effort

By identifying areas where customers experience high effort, businesses can streamline processes and improve the customer experience. This can lead to increased customer satisfaction, loyalty, and retention.

Customer churn rate

4. Customer Churn Rate

The Customer Churn Rate calculates the percentage of customers who stop doing business with a company over a given period. It is determined by dividing the number of lost customers by the total number of customers at the start of the period.

Reducing Churn

A high churn rate indicates customer dissatisfaction and can have a significant impact on a company's bottom line. By monitoring churn rate and identifying the reasons behind customer attrition, businesses can take steps to improve customer satisfaction and reduce churn.

Top customer satisfaction metrics

5 Additional Customer Satisfaction KPIs to Monitor

  • Gain deeper insights into customer satisfaction by tracking additional KPIs

  • Identify areas for improvement and prioritize customer satisfaction efforts

  • Complement the top 4 metrics with a more comprehensive view of customer satisfaction

1. First Contact Resolution Rate

First Contact Resolution (FCR) rate measures the percentage of customer issues that are resolved during the initial interaction with a support representative. This KPI is crucial because it directly impacts customer satisfaction and loyalty. When customers have their concerns addressed promptly and effectively, they are more likely to view the company favorably and remain loyal.

To calculate FCR rate, divide the number of cases resolved on first contact by the total number of cases. For example, if a company receives 1,000 support inquiries and resolves 750 of them during the first interaction, the FCR rate would be 75%.

Benefits of Tracking First Contact Resolution Rate

Monitoring FCR rate helps companies identify areas where their support team excels and where improvements are needed. By analyzing FCR data, businesses can:

  • Identify training opportunities for support staff

  • Optimize support processes and workflows

  • Invest in self-service resources to empower customers

  • Reduce overall support costs by minimizing repeat contacts

2. Average Resolution Time

Average Resolution Time (ART) tracks the average time it takes for a support team to resolve customer issues, from the initial contact to the final resolution. This metric is essential because customers value quick and efficient problem-solving. The longer it takes to resolve an issue, the more likely a customer is to become frustrated and dissatisfied.

To calculate ART, sum up the total time spent on resolving cases and divide it by the total number of cases. For instance, if a support team spends a total of 50 hours resolving 100 cases, the ART would be 30 minutes.

Factors Influencing Average Resolution Time

Several factors can impact ART, including:

  • Complexity of customer issues

  • Support staff expertise and training

  • Availability of resources and tools

  • Efficiency of support processes and workflows

By monitoring ART and identifying the root causes of prolonged resolution times, companies can take targeted actions to improve efficiency and customer satisfaction.

3. Customer Retention Rate

Customer Retention Rate (CRR) calculates the percentage of customers who remain with a company over a given period. This KPI is a complement to the customer churn rate metric, which measures the percentage of customers lost during the same period. Retaining customers is often more cost-effective than acquiring new ones, making CRR a crucial metric for long-term business success.

To calculate CRR, divide the number of customers retained by the total number of customers at the start of the period. For example, if a company starts the quarter with 1,000 customers and ends with 950, the CRR would be 95%.

Strategies for Improving Customer Retention Rate

To improve CRR, companies can focus on:

  • Delivering exceptional customer service

  • Offering personalized experiences and recommendations

  • Implementing loyalty programs and rewards

  • Regularly gathering and acting on customer feedback

  • Proactively addressing potential issues before they lead to churn

4. Customer Lifetime Value (CLV)

Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) estimates the total revenue a customer will generate throughout their relationship with a company. This metric helps businesses prioritize customer satisfaction efforts based on the long-term value each customer brings. By focusing on high-value customers, companies can allocate resources more effectively and maximize ROI.

To calculate CLV, multiply the average purchase value by the average number of purchases per year and the average customer lifespan. For instance, if a customer spends an average of $100 per purchase, makes 5 purchases per year, and remains a customer for 3 years, their CLV would be $1,500.

Applications of Customer Lifetime Value

CLV insights can be used to:

  • Segment customers based on their value and tailor experiences accordingly

  • Identify high-value customers for targeted retention efforts

  • Optimize marketing and acquisition strategies to attract more high-value customers

  • Inform product development and pricing decisions based on customer value

5. Net Promoter Score by Customer Segment

Breaking down Net Promoter Score (NPS) by customer segments allows companies to identify areas where customer satisfaction differs among various groups. By segmenting customers based on demographics, product lines, or other relevant criteria, businesses can pinpoint specific issues and tailor their efforts to improve satisfaction within each segment.

To calculate NPS by customer segment, first, group customers into relevant segments. Then, for each segment, subtract the percentage of detractors from the percentage of promoters. This will yield an NPS score for each segment, enabling targeted improvements.

Benefits of Segmenting Net Promoter Score

Segmenting NPS helps companies:

  • Identify customer segments with the highest and lowest satisfaction levels

  • Tailor products, services, and support to meet the unique needs of each segment

  • Prioritize improvement efforts based on the importance and size of each segment

  • Track progress in improving satisfaction within specific customer groups

By leveraging NPS segmentation, businesses can develop more targeted strategies to enhance customer satisfaction and loyalty across diverse customer groups.

Choosing the Right Customer Satisfaction Metrics

With numerous customer satisfaction metrics available, it can be challenging for businesses to select the most relevant and impactful ones. When choosing metrics, consider the following factors:

  1. Alignment with company goals and customer experience objectives

  2. Coverage of various touch points and stages of the customer journey

  3. Actionability and ease of implementation

  4. Relevance to the target audience and industry

It is also essential to strike a balance between leading and lagging indicators. Leading indicators, such as customer sentiment and engagement, provide early warning signs of potential issues, while lagging indicators, such as customer loyalty and lifetime value, reflect the long-term impact of customer satisfaction on business performance.

Understanding Customer Satisfaction Metrics

  • Dive into the core concepts of customer satisfaction and its measurement

  • Explore the critical role of customer satisfaction metrics in driving business success

  • Learn how to select the most relevant and impactful metrics for your organization’s objectives and goals

What is Customer Satisfaction?

Customer satisfaction is the measure of how well a company's products, services, and overall experience align with or surpass customer expectations. It is a key indicator of a business's success in meeting the needs and desires of its target audience. When customers are highly satisfied, they are more likely to remain loyal, make repeat purchases, and recommend the brand to others.

Achieving high levels of customer satisfaction requires a deep understanding of customer preferences, pain points, and expectations. Companies must continuously engage with their customers, gather feedback, and analyze data to identify areas for improvement and opportunities to exceed expectations.

The Link Between Customer Satisfaction and Business Success

Numerous studies have demonstrated the strong correlation between customer satisfaction and business performance. For example, a study by the Harvard Business School found that a one-star increase in a restaurant's Yelp rating led to a 5-9% increase in revenue.

The Importance of Measuring Customer Satisfaction

Measuring customer satisfaction is crucial for businesses to identify areas for improvement, proactively address issues, and prevent customer churn. By regularly tracking and analyzing customer satisfaction metrics, companies can:

  1. Identify pain points and friction in the customer journey

  2. Prioritize initiatives that will have the greatest impact on customer satisfaction

  3. Benchmark performance against competitors and industry standards

  4. Demonstrate a commitment to customer-centricity and differentiate the brand

Teams that measure customer satisfaction can better quantify the ROI of customer experience investments. By correlating improvements in customer satisfaction with key business metrics such as revenue growth, customer lifetime value, and referral rates, companies can justify the allocation of resources to customer experience initiatives.

Implementing a Customer Satisfaction Metrics Program

Implementing a customer satisfaction metrics program is essential for turning data into actionable insights. By following these steps, you can establish a robust system that helps you understand your customers better and drive improvements in your products, services, and overall customer experience.

1. Establishing a Baseline

Before setting goals or making changes, it's crucial to understand your current customer satisfaction levels. Start by measuring your chosen metrics, such as NPS, CSAT, or CES, to establish a baseline. This will give you a clear picture of where you stand and provide a reference point for future comparisons.

Conducting an Initial Survey

To gather baseline data, conduct an initial survey that includes your selected customer satisfaction metrics. Make sure to reach out to a representative sample of your customer base, including both satisfied and dissatisfied customers. This will help ensure your baseline data is accurate and unbiased.

Analyzing Baseline Results

Once you have collected your baseline data, analyze the results to identify trends, patterns, and areas for improvement. Look for common themes in customer feedback and consider segmenting your data by factors such as customer demographics, product lines, or support channels to gain deeper insights.

2. Setting Goals and Targets

With your baseline established, the next step is to set clear, measurable goals for improving customer satisfaction. Align these goals with your overall business objectives and ensure they are realistic and achievable given your current resources and constraints.

Defining SMART Goals

Use the SMART framework to define your customer satisfaction goals:

  • Specific: Clearly define what you want to achieve, such as increasing NPS by 10 points or reducing customer churn by 5%

  • Measurable: Ensure your goals can be quantified and tracked using your chosen metrics

  • Achievable: Set goals that are challenging but realistic given your current resources and capabilities

  • Relevant: Align your goals with your overall business strategy and priorities

  • Time-bound: Set a specific timeline for achieving each goal to create a sense of urgency and accountability

Communicating Goals to Stakeholders

Once you have defined your customer satisfaction goals, communicate them clearly to all relevant stakeholders, including employees, managers, and executives. This will help ensure everyone is aligned and working towards the same objectives.

3. Collecting and Analyzing Data

To track progress towards your goals and identify areas for improvement, you need to regularly collect and analyze customer feedback data. Implement systems and processes to gather data from multiple channels, such as surveys, social media, and customer support interactions.

Implementing Data Collection Systems

Use a variety of tools and techniques to collect customer feedback data, such as:

  • Post-interaction surveys: Send short surveys immediately after a customer interaction, such as a purchase or support call, to gather timely feedback

  • Periodic check-ins: Conduct regular surveys to gauge overall customer satisfaction and identify trends over time

  • Social media monitoring: Track mentions of your brand on social media platforms to identify common issues or praise

  • Customer interviews: Conduct in-depth interviews with a select group of customers to gain deeper insights into their experiences and expectations

Analyzing and Reporting on Data

Regularly analyze the data you collect to identify trends, patterns, and opportunities for improvement. Create reports and dashboards to share insights with key stakeholders and track progress towards your goals. Consider segmenting your data by factors such as customer demographics, product lines, or support channels to gain a more nuanced understanding of customer satisfaction.

4. Acting on Insights

Collecting and analyzing data is only valuable if you use the insights to drive meaningful improvements in your customer experience. Develop and execute action plans based on the insights you gain from your customer satisfaction metrics.

Implementing Changes and Communicating with Customers

As you implement changes and improvements based on customer feedback, communicate these updates to your customers. This demonstrates that you value their input and are committed to enhancing their experience. Consider using channels such as email, social media, or your website to share updates and highlight how customer feedback has driven positive changes.

5. Continuously Monitoring and Optimizing

Implementing a customer satisfaction metrics program is not a one-time event, but an ongoing process of monitoring, learning, and optimizing. Regularly review your metrics to track progress towards your goals and identify new areas for improvement.

Reviewing Metrics and Goals

Set up regular review sessions to assess your customer satisfaction metrics and progress towards your goals. Involve key stakeholders from across the organization to ensure a comprehensive and cross-functional perspective. Use these sessions to celebrate successes, identify challenges, and adjust your approach as needed.

Adapting and Refining Your Program

As your business evolves and customer expectations change, your customer satisfaction metrics program must adapt as well. Continuously gather feedback from customers and employees to identify opportunities for refinement, such as adding new metrics, adjusting survey frequency, or exploring new data collection methods. By remaining agile and responsive, you can ensure your program remains effective and relevant over time.

By following these steps to implement a customer satisfaction metrics program, you can turn data into actionable insights that drive meaningful improvements in your customer experience. Remember that customer satisfaction is an ongoing journey, requiring continuous monitoring, learning, and optimization to stay ahead of evolving customer needs and expectations.

Measuring Customer Satisfaction: Your Key to Success in 2024

In 2024, customer satisfaction remains the cornerstone of any thriving business. By tracking the right metrics, you gain invaluable insights into your customers' experiences and expectations. CSAT, NPS, CES, and churn rate provide a comprehensive view of customer satisfaction at various touch points.

But why stop there? Monitoring additional KPIs like first contact resolution rate, average resolution time, and customer lifetime value helps you prioritize efforts and identify areas for improvement. By understanding the importance of measuring customer satisfaction and selecting the right metrics, you can differentiate your brand and foster long-term customer loyalty.

Ready to take your customer satisfaction to the next level? Start by using a platform like Kapiche to easily establish a baseline, set clear goals, and collect relevant data. Analyze the insights gained to develop targeted action plans and continuously optimize your approach.

Want to see how Kapiche can make tracking your most important metrics easy? Take a tour of the platform with an on-demand demo here

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